Jamestown Seventh-Day Adventist Church

Chapter 4: The Passover
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Chapter 4: The Passover

When Adam and Eve sinned they found themselves in the garden, naked. They had always been naked but had never realized it because it was completely natural to them and, the Bible says, "They were not ashamed." (Genesis 2:25) However, when they discovered that they were naked, they became ashamed and tried to cover themselves by sewing fig leaves together to make aprons (Genesis 3:7). Apparently, it didn't work too well because when God came to visit them in the cool of the day they hid themselves from Him. He called out to them. Now God is omniscient or, all-knowing. Do you suppose He wondered where they were? Or do you think He already knew? I believe He knew but He wanted Adam and Eve to recognize that they were in a condition that needed some serious attention that only He could give. And the only source of that attention is exactly what they were hiding from.

When they acknowledged their whereabouts and said, “We were scared because we were naked!” He asked them “Who told you that you were naked?” He wanted them to acknowledge their condition and their need. This is what we call confession. It is an acknowledgement of the fact that we have done something that requires forgiveness, repentance, restitution and/or reconciliation. God then looked at their condition. He saw the makeshift fig-leaf garments and, the Bible says:

"Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them.” Genesis 3:21.

Now there is a question couched within this verse that is unwritten but is a crucial point in discussing forgiveness of sin and the application of the plan of salvation. Do you see the question? …. It’s right there if you analyze the text. What did God make the coats of? The Hebrew word anglicized, is “Or.” What does it mean? It means “Skins.” That’s exactly what the King James Bible says it is. He made them “coats of skins.” Where did He get the skins?

Well, you say, “from some animal!”

Indeed. Do you suppose that animal gave up his skin willingly? I doubt it! That animal had to die in order to give up it’s skin to give Adam and Eve a coat to cover their nakedness.

Have you ever heard of the “Robe of Righteousness” that Jesus gives us when we confess and repent of our sins? Are you seeing a parallel yet? Let’s go on.

In Chapter 4 of Genesis we start reading about Cain and Abel, the two sons of Adam and Eve. “In the process of time” the Bible says that the two of them brought offerings to God. Cain, a tiller of the ground brought the fruit of the ground to God. Abel, a keeper of sheep, brought the firstlings of his flock. In Cain’s offering, nothing had to give its life. In Abel’s it did. Cain’s offering did not have “respect” before God but Abel’s did. Cain was severely upset and ended up killing his brother.

Here they were called offerings. The first time the word ‘sacrifice’ is used is in Genesis 31:54 when Jacob “sacrificed” for his family when Laban, his crooked Father-in-law overtook him and accused him of stealing the family idols. The tradition of the sacrifice, however, extends all the way back to the first sin and the first “covering.” It extends into the lives of the patriarchs all the way to Jesus. But we’re looking first from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and from there to the sons of “Israel” which was Jacob’s new name given by the “Angel of the Lord” (Genesis 32:28) Those were the boys that were ultimately taken into captivity in Egypt.

When Moses came in from the desert to bring Israel out of Egypt, it was at the lowest time in their lives. They had lost most, if not all sense of righteousness; they knew little of what they once did of God, sin was virtually a traditional culture to them by now. God’s law, which had been passed down the generations by word of mouth and family tradition was nearly lost. Moses, after all the miraculous intervention of God in Egypt was ready to bring them all out and begin what should have been a short trip through the Sinai desert to the land of Canaan, the Promised Land.


The last night in town, the last plague fell on the first born of all the land of Egypt. The first born of Pharaoh to the first born of his slaves and his cattle would die! Israel was instructed to take hyssop and put a swatch of blood of a lamb on the doorpost and the lintel of every door of the houses of Israel. When the “Angel of Death” came through Egypt, he would look and see the blood and “Pass Over” the houses where there was blood on the doorpost and the first born of those houses would be saved.


In addition, the entire family would eat the Passover meal fully dressed, with their shoes on their feet. In other words, ready to leave at a moment’s notice! What a night that must have been! Think of the little ones! Think of the Mothers!

It is also important to note that, in order for there to be blood to put on the doorpost, something had to die. A sacrifice had to be made. It was called the Paschal Lamb. I'd like to have the time to draw parallels to the many types and antitypes in this narrative but that may have to wait for another time and place. Suffice it to say that Jesus Christ, when John the Baptist led Him into the Jordan River, baptized Him and lifted Him up out of the water again, the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove deescended from Heaven and a voice declared, again from Heaven, "This is My Beloved Son in Whom I am well pleased!" (Matthew 3:16, 17) Then,when John saw Him again, he shouted out: "Behold the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world!"

Wow! This is all pretty rapid-fire succession!! Just how do you get this across to an illiterate band of slaves who had been degenerated through 430 years of suppression?


The answer is, in the simplest terms possible.